Located 1km from Palazzo Caracciolo, the National Archaeological Museum of Naples (MANN) hosts a wonderful collection of works of art and artifacts. It is one of the first archaeological museums in the world to assemble a Roman art collection.
Walking past historical buildings, in the midst of Neapolitan spirit, you reach the MANN, a place of identity and research, where people can experience the wonderful Farnese collection, the Egyptian collection and also the original artifacts coming from the archaeological excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum, the two Roman towns destroyed in the 79 AD Vesuvius eruption.
The Farnese collection houses the archaeological artifacts collected by Alessandro Farnese from the XVI century. The collection was particularly enriched with the findings from the Roman excavations. The collection was eventually inherited by Elisabetta Farnese. It was transferred to Naples by the king Ferdinand IV around the year 1787.
The Egyptian collection is the second most important one in Italy and it's also the oldest, with artifacts from the Ancient Egypt eras and from the Ptolemaic-Roman era. Among the works of art featured "The Lady of Naples" stands out: a sculpture resembling a woman, although recent studies identity the subject as a military officer from the third dynasty of the Ancient Egypt era.
The Pompeii collection was started with the archaeological excavations of Pompeii, ordered by the king of Naples Charles III of Spain in the XVIII century. This main nucleus of artifacts and art was progressively enriched with all the findings from the subsequent excavations in the Vesuvius area: sculptures, mosaics, weapons, frescoes, and other miscellanea, among them even some papyri found in Herculaneum which are currently kept in the National Library of the Royal Palace.